Using modified digital halftoning technique to design invisible 2D barcode by infrared detection

Hsi Chun Wang, Ya Wen Cheng, Wan Chi Huang, Chia Long Chang, Shih Yun Lu

研究成果: 書貢獻/報告類型會議貢獻

2 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

2D barcode is an important interface to connect physical environment with virtual (digital) world. It is commonly presented at printing substrates whose embedded information can be captured through optical recognition system. Yet, for human perception, the black-and-white barcode is not only meaningless but also aesthetically displeasing. Therefore, this study utilized a modified digital halftoning technique to make 2D barcode invisible under normal reading condition; however, it can still be detected by infrared devices. The research composes halftone dots of both amplitude modulation (AM) and frequency modulation (FM) to create an infrared watermark due to the different absorption properties between K (black) ink and CMY (cyan, magenta, and yellow) inks under infrared light. The results show that the proposed method successfully avoids 2D barcode distracting people from normal reading. The method conforms to the existing printing process without requiring any special inks or materials. In the future, the technique can be applied to product packaging and brand protection.

原文英語
主出版物標題Intelligent Technologies and Engineering Systems
頁面179-186
頁數8
DOIs
出版狀態已發佈 - 2013 八月 8
事件2012 1st International Conference on Intelligent Technologies and Engineering Systems, ICITES 2012 - Changhua, 臺灣
持續時間: 2012 十二月 132012 十二月 15

出版系列

名字Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering
234 LNEE
ISSN(列印)1876-1100
ISSN(電子)1876-1119

其他

其他2012 1st International Conference on Intelligent Technologies and Engineering Systems, ICITES 2012
國家臺灣
城市Changhua
期間12/12/1312/12/15

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

指紋 深入研究「Using modified digital halftoning technique to design invisible 2D barcode by infrared detection」主題。共同形成了獨特的指紋。

  • 引用此

    Wang, H. C., Cheng, Y. W., Huang, W. C., Chang, C. L., & Lu, S. Y. (2013). Using modified digital halftoning technique to design invisible 2D barcode by infrared detection. 於 Intelligent Technologies and Engineering Systems (頁 179-186). (Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering; 卷 234 LNEE). https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-6747-2_22