Organic-inorganic perovskite nanocrystals with excellent optoelectronic properties have been utilized in various applications, despite their stability issues. The perovskite materials are sensitive to environments such as polar solvents, moisture, and heat. Thus, they are not used for extrusion three-dimensional (3D) printing, as it is usually conducted in the ambient environment and requires heating to liquefy the printed materials. In this work, 11 thermoplastic polymers conventionally used for extrusion 3D printing were investigated to test their capability as protective encapsulation materials for perovskite nanocrystals. Three of them exhibited good protective properties, and one (polycaprolactone, PCL) of these three could be blended with perovskite nanocrystals to form perovskite nanocrystal-PCL composites, which were deformable and stretchable once heated. Because of the low melting point of PCL, the perovskite nanocrystals maintained their optical properties after 3D printing, and the printed objects were still having fluorescent behavior. Moreover, fluorescent micrometer-sized fibers based on the perovskite nanocrystal-PCL composites could also be simply prepared using cotton candy makers. Perovskite nanocrystal-PCL composite films with different emission wavelengths were incorporated with blue light-emitting diodes (LEDs) to realize white LEDs with Commission Internationale de l'éclairage chromaticity coordinates of (0.33, 0.33).
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Materials Science(all)