Precambrian crust within southern Chad and eastern Cameroon preserves rocks that were remobilized and emplaced during and after the Neoproterozoic (∼650 Ma to ∼610 Ma) collision between the Congo, São Francisco, West African cratons and the Saharan Metacraton. The Guéra Massif of south-central Chad and granites located near Lake Fitri are inferred to be of Neoproterozoic age but there are no radio-isotopic dates available to confirm their association with the Pan-African Orogeny (Central African Fold Belt). New zircon U/Pb geochronology of granitic rocks from the Guéra Massif, Lake Fitri region and the Doba Basin of the southern Chad yielded weighted-mean 206Pb/238U ages from 595 ± 8 Ma to 545 ± 6 Ma. The oldest inherited zircons indicate that the Guéra Massif is either built upon Meso- to Paleoproterozoic (1000 Ma–1900 Ma) continental crust or that pre-Neoproterozoic rocks were the source of the silicic Ediacaran rocks. The identification of ∼590 Ma volcanic-arc granites within the Guéra Massif suggest that subduction continued in the eastern regions of Chad after collision had occurred (≥610 Ma) in the west (Cameroon). The younger granites (≤570 Ma) are post-collisional in nature and are closely linked to deformation cycles recorded in eastern Cameroon after the main continental collision episode between the Congo Craton and the Saharan Metacraton. The post-collisional granites located in the Lake Fitri region likely represent a westward extension of the Guéra Massif as there are temporal and compositional similarities between the granitic rocks. The age and composition of the diorite from the Doba Basin of southern Chad is similar to post-collisional granites from the Central African Fold Belt of Cameroon and implies that the southern boundary of the Saharan Metacraton may be north of the Doba Basin.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Geochemistry and Petrology