Thoracic vagal efferent nerve stimulation evokes substance P-induced early airway bronchonstriction and late proinflammatory and oxidative injury in the rat respiratory tract

Ping Chia Li, Sheng Chung Li, Yuan Ju Lin, Jin Tung Liang, Chiang Ting Chien*, Chen Fu Shaw

*此作品的通信作者

研究成果: 雜誌貢獻期刊論文同行評審

13 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

Electrical stimulation of efferent thoracic vagus nerve (TVN) evoked neurogenic inflammation in respiratory tract of atropine-treated rats by an undefined mechanism. We explored whether efferent TVN stimulation via substance P facilitates neurogenic inflammation via action of nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) activation and reactive oxygen species (ROS) production. Our results showed that increased frequency of TVN stimulation concomitantly increased substance P-enhanced hypotension, and bronchoconstriction (increases in smooth muscle electromyographic activity and total pulmonary resistance). The enhanced SP release evoked the appearance of endothelial gap in silver-stained leaky venules, India-ink labeled extravasation, and accumulations of inflammatory cells in the respiratory tract, contributing to trachea plasma extravasation as well as increases in blood O 2- and H2O2 ROS amount. L-732138 (NK1 receptor antagonist), SR-48968 (NK2 receptor antagonist), dimethylthiourea (H2O2 scavenger) or catechins (O 2- and H2O2 scavenger) pretreatment reduced efferent TVN stimulation-enhanced hypotension, bronchoconstriction, and plasma extravasation. Increased frequency of TVN stimulation significantly upregulated the expression of nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) in nuclear protein and intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) in total protein of the lower respiratory tract tissue. The upregulation of NF-κB and ICAM-1 was attenuated by NK receptor antagonist and antioxidants. In conclusion, TVN efferent stimulation increases substance P release to trigger NF-κB mediated ICAM-1 expression and O 2- and H2O2 ROS production in the respiratory tract.

原文英語
頁(從 - 到)671-681
頁數11
期刊Journal of Biomedical Science
12
發行號4
DOIs
出版狀態已發佈 - 2005 7月
對外發佈

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 內分泌學、糖尿病和代謝
  • 分子生物學
  • 臨床生物化學
  • 細胞生物學
  • 生物化學(醫學)
  • 藥學(醫學)

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