This article is intended to explore the transformation of bushido and the way of the merchant. It especially contrasts the discourses on the relationship between bushido and the way of the merchant in the Tokugawa period and the early Meiji Restoration, having an insight into the features of the transformation by analyzing the types of the discourses. Concerning the Tokugawa period, I choose several exemplary characters, namely, the samurai-Zen monk of the early Tokugawa period, Suzuki Shōsan (1579-1655), and Nishikawa Zyoken (1648-1724), who had contributed significantly to the common people's education; besides, this article also analyzes the discourses on the way of the merchant and bushido by the scholar of the mid-late Tokugawa period, Ishida Baigan (1685-1744), the Kaitokudo's Neo-Confucianist from Osaka, Nakai Riken (1732-1817), and the scholar keenly dedicated to commerce, Kaiho Seiryō (1755-1817). Regarding the Meiji Restoration, this article explores the discourses on the relationship between bushido and the way of the merchant by two samurai-merchants, Shibusawa Eiiti (1840-1931), Iwasaki Yatarou (1834-1885), and the Christian Nitobe Inazo (1862-1933). This article, in the end, has an insight into the features of the transformation through the contrast between the pre-modern and the modern times based on the afore-mentioned works on the relationship between bushido and the way of the merchant.
|頁（從 - 到）||149-188|
|期刊||Taiwan Journal of East Asian Studies|
|出版狀態||已發佈 - 2010 12月|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- 藝術與人文 (全部)