The "third"-order barrier for technology-integration instruction: Implications for teacher education

Chin-Chung Tsai, Ching Sing Chai

研究成果: 雜誌貢獻期刊論文同行評審

146 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

Technology integration is a major trend in contemporary education practice. When undertaking technology integration in classrooms, a first-order barrier and a second-order barrier, as proposed by Ertmer (1999), can hinder its implementation. The first-order barrier is external, such as lack of adequate access, time, training and institutional support. The second-order barrier includes teachers' personal and fundamental beliefs such as teachers' pedagogical beliefs, technology beliefs, willingness to change. This paper argues that the lack of design thinking by teachers may be the "third"-order barrier for technology integration.
原文英語
頁(從 - 到)1057-1060
期刊Australasian Journal of Educational Technology
28
發行號6
DOIs
出版狀態已發佈 - 2012 8月 15

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