The "third"-order barrier for technology-integration instruction: Implications for teacher education

Chin Chung Tsai*, Ching Sing Chai

*此作品的通信作者

研究成果: 雜誌貢獻期刊論文同行評審

98 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

Technology integration is a major trend in contemporary education practice. When undertaking technology integration in classrooms, a first-order barrier and a secondorder barrier, as proposed by Ertmer (1999), can hinder its implementation. The firstorder barrier is external, such as lack of adequate access, time, training and institutional support. The second-order barrier includes teachers' personal and fundamental beliefs such as teachers' pedagogical beliefs, technology beliefs, willingness to change. This paper argues that the lack of design thinking by teachers may be the "third"-order barrier for technology integration.

原文英語
頁(從 - 到)1057-1060
頁數4
期刊Australasian Journal of Educational Technology
28
發行號6
DOIs
出版狀態已發佈 - 2012

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 教育

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