We have employed the circular dichroism (CD) technique to characterize the solution structure of CAP18106-137, a lipopolysaccharide (LPS) binding, antimicrobial protein, and its interaction with lipid A. Our results revealed that CAP18106-137 may exist in at least three lipid A concentration-dependent, primarily helix conformations. The 'model' structure of CAP18106-137 in 30% (v/v) TFE, determined by nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) technique, was found to be a complete and very rigid helix. In this conformation, the cationic and hydrophobic groups of CAP18106-137 are separated into patches and stripes in such a way that it can favorably interact with lipid A through either coulombic interaction with the diphosphoryl groups or hydrophobic interaction with the fatty acyl chains.
ASJC Scopus subject areas