This study aims to develop an ESSMIM (Earth System-Science Museum Instructional Module) and evaluate its impacts on 11th grade high-school students' expected and actual perceptions of a Science Museum invoked Learning Environment (SMiLE). The ESSMIM was designed following the principles of the "Earth System Education (ESE) learning cycle mode" (Chang, 2005): Engage, Explore, Analysis/Explain, as well as Apply and Evaluate. In terms of research design, a one group pretest posttest research design was adopted. The research subjects were a group of 11th grade students from a national senior high-school in Taiwan. Students' expected and actual perceptions of SMiLE were investigated through the "SMiLE Inventory". The results of this study showed that: (1) students' scores, of expected SMiLE Inventory, both before and after the experimental teaching were higher than their actual SMiLE scores, (2) compared with previous actual experiences, ESSMIM created a SMiLE which was closer to students' expectation, and (3) after experiencing the ESSMIM, the difference between students' expectations and their actual experience of SMiLE was reduced.
|頁（從 - 到）||357-366|
|期刊||Journal of Baltic Science Education|
|出版狀態||已發佈 - 2012 十二月 1|
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