This study aimed at exploring whether a language learner's level could influence the effectiveness of using a mobile device on the oral output and the attitudes of learning Mandarin Chinese. The participants were 34 overseas Chinese students, aged between 17 and 23. They were randomly assigned to two groups: the Real-World-Context group and the Classroom-Context group. The participants in the former group visited shops on the streets of Taipei, Taiwan. During the activity, they could receive multimedia learning materials through mobile devices. On the other hand, the participants of the latter group stayed in a situated classroom set as a street, and their learning materials were printed on the paper. In this group, some students acted as the shopkeepers, while others acted as the customers. The results showed that in the Real-World-Context group, the learners' Mandarin levels played a part in deciding the range of improvements and the attitudes.
|頁（從 - 到）||78-101|
|期刊||International Journal of Mobile Learning and Organisation|
|出版狀態||已發佈 - 2016|
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