The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of rectus abdominis (RA) fatigue on the jumping performance and landing loads of volleyball players during countermovement jumps (CMJs) and spike jumps (SPJs). Twelve healthy university volleyball players were evaluated using a three-dimensional motion analysis system, force plates, and surface electromyography (EMG). The lowest center of mass (Min-CoM), maximum jumping height (Max-JH), angles of joints at take-off and landing, joint moment of the lower limbs, and EMG parameters of the RA, erector spinae, and lower limb muscles, when performing the CMJs and SPJs, were recorded before and after a 10 min RA muscle fatigue intervention. After RA fatigue, the Max-JH was significantly reduced, and the lowest Min-CoM was significantly increased. The take-off angles changed significantly at the ankle (SPJ), knee (CMJ), and hip (SPJ), and the plantar flexion torque changed significantly at the SPJ touchdown. The contribution ratio of the feet during SPJs and CMJs changed after fatigue. Temporary RA fatigue decreases the jump height of athletes and causes a change in the landing strategy.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- 工程 (全部)