Like the matrix-valued functions used in solutions methods for semidefinite programs (SDPs) and semidefinite complementarity problems (SDCPs), the vector-valued functions associated with second-order cones are defined analogously and also used in solutions methods for second-order-cone programs (SOCPs) and second-order-cone complementarity problems (SOCCPs). In this article, we study further about these vector-valued functions associated with second-order cones (SOCs). In particular, we define the so-called SOC-convex and SOC-monotone functions for any given function f: ℝ → ℝ. We discuss the SOC-convexity and SOC-monotonicity for some simple functions, e.g., f(t) = t2, t3 1/t, t1/2, |t|, and [t] +. Some characterizations of SOC-convex and SOC-monotone functions are studied, and some conjectures about the relationship between SOC-convex and SOC-monotone functions are proposed.
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