Surveillance of ticks on a tropical island with introduced ungulates

Ting Hsiang Ku, Hsiao Mei Liao, Suppaluck Nelson, Erica Cimo, Le Jiang, Chi Chien Kuo*


研究成果: 雜誌貢獻期刊論文同行評審


The abundance of hard ticks can be determined by abiotic factors and the presence of suitable hosts. Since deer represent important hosts for many tick species, it is imperative to investigate whether deer introduction will increase the number of ticks, which can transmit a wide variety of pathogens.The sika deer (Cervus nippon) was introduced to Green Island,Taiwan, to supply velvet antlers, a traditional Chinese medicine. However, they were later released into the wild after a steep decline in antler prices. We conducted surveys for questing ticks, ticks on rodents and shrews, and the fecal pellet groups of ungulates (deer and goats) in 31 transects within 3 habitat types (forest, grassland, and roadside) on Green Island every 2 months in 2019. A total of 5,321 questing ticks were collected. All collected ticks were Haemaphysalis mageshimaensis Saito and Hoogstraal, a species first identified on an island with an abundance of sika deer. Additionally, 48 ticks collected from 126 trapped rodents and shrews were almost invariably Ixodes granulatus (except for 1 larval Haemaphysalis sp.). We did not find a positive correlation between the number of questing ticks and the number of fecal pellet groups, suggesting that factors other than ungulate abundance affect tick abundance. Nevertheless, large populations of questing ticks along some roadsides suggest a high risk of tick-borne diseases to tourists on this tropical island.

頁(從 - 到)212-221
期刊Journal of Medical Entomology
出版狀態已發佈 - 2024 1月 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 一般醫學


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