Suppressive Effect of Two Cucurbitane-Type Triterpenoids from Momordica charantia on Cutibacterium acnes-Induced Inflammatory Responses in Human THP-1 Monocytic Cell and Mouse Models

Lu Te Chuang, Wen Cheng Huang, Yu Chen Hou, Jong Ho Chyuan, Hsiang Chang, Chi I. Chang, Tsung Hsien Tsai, Po Jung Tsai

研究成果: 雜誌貢獻期刊論文同行評審

摘要

Cutibacterium acnes (formerly Propionibacterium acnes) is one of the major bacterial species responsible for acne vulgaris. Numerous bioactive compounds from Momordica charantia Linn. var. abbreviata Ser. have been isolated and examined for many years. In this study, we evaluated the suppressive effect of two cucurbitane-type triterpenoids, 5β,19-epoxycucurbita-6,23-dien-3β,19,25-triol (Kuguacin R; KR) and 3β,7β,25-trihydroxycucurbita-5,23-dien-19-al (TCD) on live C. acnes-stimulated in vitro and in vivo inflammatory responses. Using human THP-1 monocytes, KR or TCD suppressed C. acnes-induced production of interleukin (IL)-1β, IL-6 and IL-8 at least above 56% or 45%, as well as gene expression of these three pro-inflammatory cytokines. However, a significantly strong inhibitory effect on production and expression of tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α was not observed. Both cucurbitanes inhibited C. acnes-induced activation of the myeloid differentiation primary response 88 (MyD88) (up to 62%) and mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPK) (at least 36%). Furthermore, TCD suppressed the expression of pro-caspase-1 and cleaved caspase-1 (p10). In a separate study, KR or TCD decreased C. acnes-stimulated mouse ear edema by ear thickness (20% or 14%), and reduced IL-1β-expressing leukocytes and neutrophils in mouse ears. We demonstrated that KR and TCD are potential anti-inflammatory agents for modulating C. acnes-induced inflammation in vitro and in vivo.

原文英語
文章編號579
期刊Molecules (Basel, Switzerland)
26
發行號3
DOIs
出版狀態已發佈 - 2021 一月 22

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 分析化學
  • 化學(雜項)
  • 分子醫學
  • 藥學科學
  • 藥物發現
  • 物理與理論化學
  • 有機化學

指紋

深入研究「Suppressive Effect of Two Cucurbitane-Type Triterpenoids from Momordica charantia on Cutibacterium acnes-Induced Inflammatory Responses in Human THP-1 Monocytic Cell and Mouse Models」主題。共同形成了獨特的指紋。

引用此