Superfluid and normal-fluid densities in the high-Tc superconductors

D. B. Tanner, F. Gao, K. Kamarás, H. L. Liu, M. A. Quijada, D. B. Romero, Y. D. Yoon, A. Zibold, H. Berger, G. Margaritondo, L. Forró, R. J. Kelly, M. Onellion, G. Cao, J. E. Crow, O. Beom-Hoan, J. T. Markert, J. P. Rice, D. M. Ginsberg, T. Wolf

研究成果: 雜誌貢獻期刊論文同行評審

7 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

In clean metallic superconductors, 100% of the mobile carriers participate in the condensate, so that the London penetration depth (which measures the electromagnetic screening by the superconductor) indicates charge densities comparable to those inferred from the free-carrier plasma frequency. In the cuprates, this is not the case, even though penetration depth measurements have shown a good correlation between superfluid density and superconducting transition temperature in the underdoped-to-optimally-doped part of the phase diagram. Optical measurements, which permit independent determination of the total doping-induced spectral weight and the superfluid density, show that in optimally doped materials only about 20% of the doping-induced spectral weight joins the superfluid. The rest remains in finite-frequency, midinfrared absorption. In underdoped materials, the superfluid fraction is even smaller. This result implies extremely strong coupling for these superconductors.

原文英語
頁(從 - 到)2193-2196
頁數4
期刊Physica C: Superconductivity and its applications
341-348 (IV)
DOIs
出版狀態已發佈 - 2000 11月
對外發佈

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 電子、光磁材料
  • 凝聚態物理學
  • 能源工程與電力技術
  • 電氣與電子工程

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