Structural Priming as Learning: Evidence from Mandarin-Learning 5-Year-Olds

Dong Bo Hsu*

*此作品的通信作者

研究成果: 雜誌貢獻期刊論文同行評審

11 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

Three experiments on structural priming in Mandarin-speaking 5-year-olds were conducted to test the priming as implicit learning hypothesis. It describes a learning mechanism that acts on a shared abstract syntactic representation in response to linguistic input using an equi-biased Mandarin SVO-ba alternation. The first two experiments reported that these children exhibited reliable structural priming in production-to-production and comprehension-to-production using an adult design. A combined analysis of these two experiments suggests the absence of a significant modality effect, indicating that for these children structural priming was guided by a shared abstract syntactic representation. The absence of a significant effect in the magnitudes of structural priming between SVO structural priming and the ba construction suggests that in processing language young children treat ba as a function word rather than a content word. Experiment 3 involved 12 presentations of both the SVO structure and the ba-construction. Comparisons between Experiments 2 and 3 indicate a cumulative structural priming effect. Further, an inverse-frequency priming effect was found in Experiment 3 for the ba-construction but not the SVO structure. Cumulative and inverse-frequency priming effects indicate the learning properties of structural priming. These results support the priming as implicit learning hypothesis that structural priming is supported by a learning mechanism that acts on a shared syntactic representation in response to input.

原文英語
頁(從 - 到)156-172
頁數17
期刊Language Acquisition
21
發行號2
DOIs
出版狀態已發佈 - 2014 4月

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 語言與語言學
  • 教育
  • 語言和語言學

指紋

深入研究「Structural Priming as Learning: Evidence from Mandarin-Learning 5-Year-Olds」主題。共同形成了獨特的指紋。

引用此