Rudyard Kipling was born in India in 1865 to a British art teacher and his wife, and after an education in England returned to work in Lahore in 1882 as an editor and writer on the Civil and Military Gazette. Identified with the British Empire body and soul, aesthetically and ideologically, Kipling frequently wrote of the soldiers and civil servants laboring on the frontier to advance the interests of the British Empire. Often in Kipling’s stories the colonial experience is seen to derange the colonizer and body forth an unease or dis-ease already latent within him. Kipling twists the genre to cast primary blame for the degradation of values on the Europeans themselves, whose latent corruption emerges when they are transposed to the frontier, and whose personal flaws prove their own undoing. If Kipling’s focus and main object of blame was the erring European, Lafcadio Hearn included hardly any Western figures at all in his writing on Japan.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- 藝術與人文 (全部)