The double-stranded telomeric repeat-binding protein (TRP) AtTRP1 is isolated from Arabidopsis thaliana. Using gel retardation assays, we defined the C-terminal 97 amino acid residues, Gln464 to Val560 (AtTRP1464-560), as the minimal structured telomeric repeat-binding domain. This region contains a typical Myb DNA-binding motif and a C-terminal extension of 40 amino acid residues. The monomeric AtTRP1464-560 binds to a 13-mer DNA duplex containing a single repeat of an A. thaliana telomeric DNA sequence (GGTTTAG) in a 1:1 complex, with a KD∼10-6-10-7 M. Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) examination revealed that the solution structure of AtTRP1464-560 is a novel four-helix tetrahedron rather than the three-helix bundle structure found in typical Myb motifs and other TRPs. Binding of the 13-mer DNA duplex to AtTRP1464-560 induced significant chemical shift perturbations of protein amide resonances, which suggests that helix 3 (H3) and the flexible loop connecting H3 and H4 are essential for telomeric DNA sequence recognition. Furthermore, similar to that in hTRF1, the N-terminal arm likely contributes to or stabilizes DNA binding. Sequence comparisons suggested that the four-helix structure and the involvement of the loop residues in DNA binding may be features unique to plant TRPs.
|頁（從 - 到）||72-85|
|期刊||Journal of Molecular Biology|
|出版狀態||已發佈 - 2006 2月 10|
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