The efficiency of simian virus 40 (SV40) DNA replication is dependent on the structural organization of the regulatory region. The enhancing effect of the G + C-rich 21-base-pair (bp) repeats on SV40 DNA replication is position and dose dependent and to some extent orientation dependent. The inverted orientation is about 50% as effective as the normal orientation of the 21-bp repeat region. Movement of the 21-bp repeat region 180 or 370 bp upstream of the ori sequence abolishes its enhancing effect, whereas no replication is detected if the 21-bp repeat region is placed downstream of the ori sequence. The dose-dependent enhancement of the 21-bp repeat of SV40 DNA replication as first described in single transfection by Bergsma et al. (D. J. Bergsma, D. M. Olive, S. W. Hartzell, and K. N. Subramanian, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 79:381-385, 1982) is dramatically amplified in mixed transfection. In the presence of the 21-bp repeat region, the 72-bp repeat region can enhance SV40 DNA replication. In the presence of the 21-bp repeats and a competitive environment, the 72-bp repeat region exhibits a cis-acting inhibitory effect on SV40 DNA replication.
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