This paper examines the true nature of the reduplicant vowels in the two major types of reduplication in Truku, Ce- reduplication and CeCe- reduplication, which have been previously assumed to involve monosyllabic and disyllabic copying, respectively. The reduplicants of the two patterns (i.e., Ce- and CeCe-) contain schwas that are always considered as reduced vowels derived from the pretonic vowel reduction rule. Drawing evidence from three types of reduplication forms that have not been previously noticed/documented, that is, reduplication forms showing CeC- ~CeCe- variation, as well as reduplication taking place on monosyllabic words and on CV.- initial words, this paper argues that the schwas in the reduplicants of the two reduplication patterns do not always come from vowel reduction. Although the first schwa in the CeCe-reduplicant does come from vowel reduction, the final schwas in the CeCe- and Ce- reduplicant are actually inserted vowels that function to break up CC clusters. The findings also show that Ce- reduplication only copies consonants from the Base. Therefore, Truku, just as Squliq Atayal, also involves bare consonant copying.
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