Quantifying energy use, carbon dioxide emission, and other environmental loads from island tourism based on a life cycle assessment approach

Nae Wen Kuo*, Pei Hun Chen

*此作品的通信作者

研究成果: 雜誌貢獻期刊論文同行評審

176 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

The main purpose of industrial ecology is to evaluate and minimize impacts from economic activities of human society. Tourism as one economic activity, results in a full range of environmental impacts, but few applications of industrial ecology to tourism management have previously been discussed. Life cycle assessment (LCA) is used in this research to explore environmental impacts of island tourism, and then the environmental loads per tourist per trip can be found. Penghu Island in Taiwan is taken as an example to examine this new approach. Various environmental loads in transportation, accommodation, and recreation activity sector are all inventoried and calculated here. In summary, per tourist per trip uses 1606 MJ of energy, 607 L of water, and emits 109,034 g of CO2, 2660 g of CO, 597 g of HC, 70 g of NOx. In addition, per tourist per trip also discharges 416 L of wastewater, 83.1 g of BOD, and 1.95 g of solid waste. In terms of energy use, the transportation consumes the largest energy (67%); in particular, the airplane sector. Moreover, per Penghu tourist results in more environmental loads than local people; for example, the amount of solid waste discharge per tourist is 1.95 kg per day, while that of per local people is 1.18 kg. Finally, the advantages and limitations of such LCA approach are also discussed.

原文英語
頁(從 - 到)1324-1330
頁數7
期刊Journal of Cleaner Production
17
發行號15
DOIs
出版狀態已發佈 - 2009 10月

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 可再生能源、永續發展與環境
  • 一般環境科學
  • 策略與管理
  • 工業與製造工程

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