Processing past time reference in a tenseless language: An ERP study on the Mandarin aspectual morphemes -le and -guo

Aymeric Collart*, Shiao hui Chan

*此作品的通信作者

研究成果: 雜誌貢獻期刊論文同行評審

摘要

Reference to the time of an event can be encoded through various devices in language. While the neural processing of time reference in tense languages has been explored through tense inflection, relatively little is known about such processing through aspect in a tenseless language. The current study investigated how Mandarin speakers process perfective aspect markers -le and -guo, which are usually related to past time. Through the manipulation of the (dis)agreement between time adverbs and perfective markers, the results revealed that when co-occurring with a future/incongruent time adverb, compared with a past/congruent one, -le induced an early anterior negativity, while -guo triggered a P600. These distinct ERP patterns suggest that there is no unitary mechanism underlying perfectives in Mandarin, and that aspect modulates the relation of an event to time reference in a tenseless language, just like what tense inflection does in a tense language.

原文英語
文章編號100998
期刊Journal of Neurolinguistics
59
DOIs
出版狀態已發佈 - 2021 八月

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 實驗與認知心理學
  • 藝術與人文(雜項)
  • 語言和語言學
  • 認知神經科學

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