Peer conflicts of preschool children: Issues, resolution, incidence, and age-related patterns

Dora W. Chen*, Greta G. Fein, Hak Ping Tam

*此作品的通信作者

研究成果: 雜誌貢獻期刊論文同行評審

59 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

This study examined 2-, 3-, and 4-year-olds’ peer conflicts in the naturalistic classroom setting during free-play time. 400 preschoolers from 25 classrooms were videotaped. Only the first conflict event generated by each target-child observation was included in the analysis. Of the 400 target-child observations, 322 generated a conflict event. In general, there was a shift in the issues of conflict from tangible material concerns to those that were more mental and social. 2-year-olds had a higher proportion of distribution of resources conflicts than did 3- and 4-year-olds. Conflicts about play and ideas significantly increased with age while those stemming from physical harm were low overall. Further, child-generated resolutions increased while insistence decreased significantly with age. What changes with development appears to be the issues of conflict and the way they are handled; not the incidence of conflict per se. These findings support the proposal that conflicts are natural contexts in which children develop socially, morally and cognitively. Implications for teaching are discussed.

原文英語
頁(從 - 到)523-544
頁數22
期刊Early Education and Development
12
發行號4
DOIs
出版狀態已發佈 - 2001 十月

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 教育
  • 發展與教育心理學

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