This article presents a home energy management system (HEMS) based on the proposed adaptive artificial bee colony (AABC) optimization method, of managing a residential microgrid connected to the main grid. The studied microgrid consists of a photovoltaic system (PVS), a battery storage system (BSS), and electricity loads. The proposed AABC-based HEMS optimizes power flow ratio among PVS, BSS, and the main grid with respect to the load demand and electricity rate in order to minimize electricity consumption cost. Three dc-dc converters are actively controlled with an active dual-loop control architecture to dominate the power distribution among multi-power sources. The performances of the proposed optimal power flows control (PFC) under different electricity load levels and PVS generation conditions are examined. In the PFC experiments, the designed HEMS is implemented on a digital signal processor. The experimental results demonstrate the effectiveness and superiority of the proposed AABC-based HEMS compared with the rule-based control strategy and the equivalent consumption minimization strategy in terms of electricity consumption cost.
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