Oncogenic Roles of Polycomb Repressive Complex 2 in Bladder Cancer and Upper Tract Urothelial Carcinoma

Eric Yi Hsiu Huang, Yu Kuang Chen, Chen Pu Ou, Yi Ting Chen, Sung Fang Chen, William J. Huang, Kung Hao Liang*


研究成果: 雜誌貢獻期刊論文同行評審


Cancers of the urinary tract are one of the most common malignancies worldwide, causing high morbidity and mortality, and representing a social burden. Upper tract urothelial carcinoma (UTUC) accounts for 5–10% of urinary tract cancers, and its oncogenic mechanisms remain elusive. We postulated that cancers of the lower and the upper urinary tract may share some important oncogenic mechanisms. Therefore, the oncogenic mechanisms discovered in the lower urinary tract may guide the investigation of molecular mechanisms in the upper urinary tract. Based on this strategy, we revisited a high-quality transcriptome dataset of 510 patients with non-muscle invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC), and performed an innovative gene set enrichment analysis of the transcriptome. We discovered that the epigenetic regulation of polycomb repressive complex 2 (PRC2) is responsible for the recurrence and progression of lower-track urinary cancers. Additionally, a PRC2-related gene signature model was discovered to be effective in classifying bladder cancer patients with distinct susceptibility of subsequent recurrence and progression (log-rank p < 0.001 and = 0.001, respectively). We continued to discover that the same model can differentiate stage T3 UTUC patients from stage Ta/T1 patients (p = 0.026). Immunohistochemical staining revealed the presence of PRC2 components (EZH2, EED, and SUZ12) and methylated PRC2 substrates (H3K27me3) in the archived UTUC tissues. The H3K27me3 exhibited higher intensity and area intensity product in stage T3 UTUC tissues than in stage Ta/T1 tissues (p = 0.006 and 0.015, respectively), implicating stronger PRC2 activity in advanced UTUC. The relationship between H3K27 methylation and gene expression is examined using correlations. The H3K27me3 abundance is positively correlated with the expression levels of CDC26, RP11-2B6, MAPK1IP1L, SFR1, RP11-196B3, CDK5RAP2, ANXA5, STX11, PSMD5, and FGFRL1. It is also negatively correlated with CNPY2, KB-1208A12, RP11-175B9, ZNF692, RANP8, RP11-245C17, TMEM266, FBXW9, SUGT1P2, and PRH1. In conclusion, PRC2 and its epigenetic effects are major oncogenic mechanisms underlying both bladder cancer and UTUC. The epigenetically regulated genes of PRC2 in urothelial carcinoma were also elucidated using correlation statistics.

出版狀態已發佈 - 2022 11月

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 醫藥(雜項)
  • 一般生物化學,遺傳學和分子生物學


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