Let Rj denote the jth Riesz transform on ℝn. We prove that there exists an absolute constant C > 0 such that (equation presented) for any λ > 0 and f L1(ℝn), where the above supremum is taken over measures of the form ν =ck=1Na kαck for N, ck ℝn, and ak ℝ+ with ck=1Na k ≤ 16∥F∥L1(ℝn). This shows that to establish dimensional estimates for the weak-type (1, 1) inequality for the Riesz transforms it suffices to study the corresponding weak-type inequality for Riesz transforms applied to a finite linear combination of Dirac masses. We use this fact to give a new proof of the best known dimensional upper bound, while our reduction result also applies to a more general class of Calderón-Zygmund operators.
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