A single-subject design was used to examine the influence of one session of neurofeedback training (NFT) on reducing frontal midline theta (Fmθ) amplitude and enhancing golf putting performance. Posttraining, three highly skilled golfers improved in putting score or score stability. Although the Fmθ amplitude during the pre-putt period inconsistently decreased across participants, all golfers exhibited lower Fmθ amplitude during the resting condition following NFT, suggesting that the tonic reduction of Fmθ may play a role in subsequent performance improvement. Overall, these results indicate that a short session of NFT may be an effective method of performance enhancement in some sports.
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