Multilayered structuring of thin-film PV modules by ultrafast laser ablation

研究成果: 雜誌貢獻文章同行評審

16 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

Due to the growth of thin-film solar photovoltaic (PV) market for renewable energy sources, the development of versatile technique for scribing surface patterns with new record efficiency is crucial. This study presents an ultrafast-laser process for noncontact and chemical-free scribing of thin-film layers in CuInxGa(1- x )Se2 (CIGS)-based PV modules. The proposed ultrafast laser scribing process for single- and multiple-pass patterning was performed using an infrared laser system comprising a femtosecond laser source, galvano-mirror scanner, and high-precision motor driven stage. The interaction between laser beam and three thin films in CIGS-based PV modules was determined by investigating potential film-removal mechanisms, such as geometrical, thermal, mechanical, and optical properties. Well-defined grooves were successfully obtained on thin-film layers by applying pulse energies near the ablation threshold. The experimental results and numerical calculations show that the laser-material interactions indicate that the proposed surface-pattern technique is precise. The energy transfer between the laser beam and thin-film device was affected by introducing an electron-photon coupling variable. The study results show the surface-pattern characteristics of applying an ultrafast laser to thin-film PV modules under controlled process conditions.

原文英語
頁(從 - 到)41-47
頁數7
期刊Microelectronic Engineering
143
DOIs
出版狀態已發佈 - 2015 八月 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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