Mn K-edge X-ray absorption near-edge spectra (XANES) and magnetic studies for ferroelectromagnetic compounds RMnO3 (R = Sc, Y) are reported. ScMnO3 shows stronger d-p hybridization with a triangular antiferromagnetic (AF) order of TN = 133 K and a spin reorientation Tsr = 23 K, as compared to TN = 74 K for YMnO 3. The identical main threshold edge energy of 6545 eV indicates Mn3+ character. Small pre-edge features with energy separation P 2-P1 of 2.27 eV for ScMnO3 and 2.72 eV for YMnO3 is from the 1s-3d dipole transition, which is weakly allowed through the hybridization of Mn 4p with 3d states of neighboring Mn atoms. The larger P1 peak is corresponding to transition into empty e′↓ and e″↓ minority states, and the smaller P 2 peak is into leftover e′↓ states.
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