Objectives: This paper explores the factors influencing the involvement of health-promoting Taiwanese elementary schools in school-family partnership.
Methods: The study design was cross-sectional. A stratified random sample was used, according to the size of the districts and individual schools, to select participants from 2,675 primary schools in Taiwan. A total of 584 participants were recruited and the response rate was 67% (n=391). Structured questionnaires including items on demographics, predisposing factors, reinforcing factors, enabling factors, and involvement in school-family partnership, were used to collect data. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and hierarchy regression, and p < .05 was considered statistically significant. The research framework was based on the PRECEDE-PROCEED model.
Results: The demographics, predisposing factors, reinforcing factors, and enabling factors were the major factors affecting school involvement in school-family partnership, accounting for 46.4% of the total variance for involvement in school-family partnership. The demographics, predisposing factors, reinforcing factors, and enabling factors can divided for 4.4%, 13.2%, 20.3% & 8.6% of the total variances.
Conclusions: The availability of helpful resources, supportive policymaking, supportive principal, colleagues, and perceived efficacy of school-family partnership, can successfully enhanced school involvement in school-family partnership.
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