Electrical impedance measurements on a congruent LiNbO3 single crystal were performed as a function of both temperature and frequency. The measurements were carried out in the directions along the c-and a-axes of the crystal. The temperature and frequency dependence of various dielectric properties have been studied. The result has revealed two remarkable dynamic relaxations: dielectric dipolar relaxation and ionic conductivity relaxation. The dipolar relaxation peaks were found at frequencies around 4 × 10 6 and 2 × 106Hz for the c-axis and a-axis, respectively, and they were only slightly temperature dependent. The ionic conductivity relaxation was found at the lower-frequency end but it was temperature dependent. The temperature dependence of the dc electrical conductivity follows the Arrhenius law. It corresponds to the long-range ionic motion of Li+ ions which are thermally activated with activation energy of 0.90 and 0.87eV along the c-and a-axis directions, respectively. The dc conductivities measured along the c-and a-axes are very close to each other, and the value increases from 1.7 × 10-6 to 1.9 × 10 -3Ω-1cm-1 as the temperature is raised from 300 to 700 °C. The sample crystal becomes an ionic conductor as the temperature is raised.
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