Recent functional imaging studies demonstrated that brain exhibit coherent, synchronized activities during resting state and the dynamics may be impaired in various psychiatric illnesses. In order to investigate the change of neural dynamics in bipolar disorder, we used a new nonlinear measurement "similarity index" to analyze the magnetoencephalography (MEG) recordings and test the hypothesis that there are synchronization changes within different frequency bands in the frontal cortex of patients with bipolar disorder. Ten patients with bipolar I disorder during euthymic phase and ten normal controls underwent 2 min eye-closed resting recording with a whole-head 306-channel MEG system. Eleven channels of MEG data from frontal area were selected for analysis. Synchronization level in the delta (2-4 Hz), theta (4-8 Hz), alpha (8-12 Hz) and beta (12-24 Hz) bands was calculated for each subject and compared across group. The results showed that significant dynamic changes in bipolar patients can be characterized by increased synchronization of slow frequency oscillations (delta) and decreased synchronization of fast frequency oscillations (beta). Furthermore, the positive correlation between beta synchronization level and preservative errors in Wisconcin card sorting task was found which would implicate the deficit of executive function in bipolar patients. Our findings indicate that analysis of spontaneous MEG recordings at resting state using nonlinear dynamic approaches may disclose the subtle regional changes of neural dynamics in BD.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- 神經科學 (全部)