In this work, it is demonstrated that the negative capacitance effect of ferroelectric Hf 1−x Zr x O 2 transistor is highly correlated with Zr doping concentration. A steep subthreshold swing of 40 mV/decade, a low off-state leakage current of 190 fA μm −1 , and a large on/off current ratio of >10 7 can be simultaneously achieved in optimized negative capacitance Hf 1−x Zr x O 2 transistor. Besides, the Zr diffusion issue and non-ferroelectric phases significantly affect the multi-domain switching of polycrystalline Hf 1−x Zr x O 2 . Therefore, an appropriate amount of Zr substitution is more favorable for both boosting ferroelectric and implementing the negative capacitance switch.
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