DNA screening for apolipoprotein (apo) B-100 mutations was performed in hyperlipidemic Chinese. The apo B-100 gene segment surrounding previously identified familial defective apo B-100 (FDB) mutations was amplified by PCR and subjected to single-strand conformation polymorphism (SSCP) analysis. One subject's aberrant SSCP band was cloned and sequenced to study the molecular lesions. A recurrent Argcoa-to-Trp(TGG) mutation (R3500W) in the codon 3500 of the apo B-100 gene was identified. The C-to-T transition creates a NlaIII site and permits rapid restriction analysis of the mutation. A total of 373 hyperlipidemic patients and 309 controls were screened for R3500W. Nine unrelated subjects were shown to be heterozygous for the mutation, and no R3500W carriers were found in the control group (P = 0.004). Six polymorphic markers, including five restriction fragment length polymorphisms and one hypervariable repeat region, were used for haplotype analysis on the mutant allele. In two families, the R3500W mutation could be unambiguously assigned to a unique haplotype XbaI-/MaeI+lMspI+/EcoRI+/Eco57I+/34 3'HVR repeats; in the other seven unrelated heterozygotes, this finding was consistent when an unequivocal haplotype was deduced. The results suggest that all R3500W alleles are identical by descent in our population. The fact that the same mutant allele was identified in other Asians with FDB indicates a common Asian origin for the R3500W mutations.
ASJC Scopus subject areas