Aims: We explored the therapeutic potential of intragastric administration traditional Chinese medicine Glycine tomentella Hayata (I-Tiao-Gung, ITG) extract and its active component Daidzin on cyclophosphamide (CYP)-induced cystitis and bladder hyperactivity in rats. Methods: Female Wistar rats were divided into control, CYP (200 mg/kg), CYP + ITG (1.17 g/kg/day), CYP + Daidzin (12.5 mg/kg/day), and 1 week of ITG preconditioning with CYP (ITG + CYP) groups. We determined the trans cystometrogram associated with external urethral sphincter electromyogram, and the expression of M2 and M3 muscarinic and P2 × 2 and P2 × 3 purinergic receptors by Western blot in these animals. Results: ITG extract contains 1.07% of Daidzin and 0.77% of Daidzein by high-performance liquid chromatography. Daidzin was more efficient than Daidzein in scavenging H2O2 activity by a chemiluminescence analyzer. CYP induced higher frequency, shorter intercontraction interval, lower maximal voiding pressure, lower threshold pressure, and Phase-2 emptying contraction with a depressed external urethral sphincter electromyogram activity, and hemorrhagic cystitis in the bladders. The altered parameters by CYP were significantly improved in CYP + ITG, CYP + Daidzin, and ITG + CYP groups. The P2 × 2 and P2 × 3 expressions were significantly upregulated in CYP group, but were depressed in CYP + ITG, CYP + Daidzin, and ITG + CYP groups. The M2 expression was not significantly different among these five groups. The M3 expression was significantly upregulated in CYP group, but was significantly depressed in CYP + ITG, CYP + Daidzin, and ITG + CYP groups. Conclusions: These data suggest that ITG extract through its active component Daidzin effectively improved CYP-induced cystitis by the action of restoring Phase 2 activity and inhibiting the expressions of P2 × 2, P2 × 3, and M3 receptors.
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