How the Elderly Can Use Scientific Knowledge to Solve Problems While Designing Toys: A Retrospective Analysis of the Design of a Working UFO

研究成果: 雜誌貢獻文章同行評審

摘要

The venerable aphorism "an old dog cannot learn new tricks" implies that the elderly rarely learn anything new-in particular, scientific knowledge. On the basis of "learning by doing," the present study emphasized knowledge application (KA) as elderly subjects collaborated on the design of a toy flying saucer (UFO). Three types of KA were identified by questioning the work: Type 1-knowing neither how nor why; Type 2-knowing how, but not why; and, Type 3-knowing how and why. The results indicated that female elderly subjects more often exhibited Type 1 of KA compared with male elderly. The evidence supported a KA of Type 3 for those who had a science background, as they performed better than those without a science background. However, even those without a science background were able to produce science toys if they worked cooperatively, particularly when they could learn from others who had a science background.

原文英語
頁(從 - 到)386-397
頁數12
期刊Educational Gerontology
39
發行號6
DOIs
出版狀態已發佈 - 2013 六月 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology

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