How long should the pre-existing climatic water balance be considered when capturing short-term wetness and dryness over China by using SPEI?

Xiuzhen Li, Wan Ru Huang*

*此作品的通信作者

研究成果: 雜誌貢獻期刊論文同行評審

5 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

Short-term, fast-developing wet and dry anomalies have gained much attention, as their suddenness brings new challenges to monitoring. It is unclear how long a pre-existing climatic water surplus/deficit (defined as the difference between precipitation and potential evapotranspiration; P-PET) should be considered when monitoring short-term wetness and dryness events over China. This study aims to answer this by evaluating the performance of the daily Standardized Precipitation Evapotranspiration Index (SPEI) for different accumulation periods of P-PET in capturing sub-surface soil moisture variation over China. Our evaluations of reanalysis soil moisture from ERA5 and ERA-Interim show that ERA5 soil moisture is superior, as it is more consistent with the variation of in situ observations. Applying ERA5 soil moisture for further examination of SPEIs, we find that pre-existing conditions should be considered for different lengths of time in different regions of China because the sensitivity of soil moisture to climatic water balance is regionally dependent. For wetness, soil moisture responds to a pre-existing climatic water surplus immediately over Southeast China, but it is more delayed over North and Northeast China. For dryness, 0.5-month pre-existing water deficit conditions over Southeast China and 1.5-month conditions over the Yangtze-Huai River valley are preferable to the frequently adopted 3 months or longer. These findings highlight the length of time for pre-existing condition is shorter over wet regions, and longer over dry regions of China.

原文英語
文章編號147575
期刊Science of the Total Environment
786
DOIs
出版狀態已發佈 - 2021 9月 10

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 環境工程
  • 環境化學
  • 廢物管理和處置
  • 污染

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