Hot Cracking in AZ31 and AZ61 Magnesium Alloy

C. J. Huang*, C. M. Cheng, C. P. Chou, F. H. Chen


研究成果: 雜誌貢獻期刊論文同行評審

25 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)


This paper examined the impact of the number of thermal cycles and augmented strain on hot cracking in AZ31 and AZ61 magnesium alloy. Statistical analyses were performed. Following observation using a scanning electron microscope (SEM), an energy dispersive spectrometer (EDS) was used for component analysis. Results showed that AI content in magnesium alloy has an effect on hot cracking susceptibility. In addition, the nonequilibrium solidification process produced segregation in AI content, causing higher liquid Mg-alloy rich AI content at grain boundaries, and resulting into liquefied grain boundaries of partially melted zone (PMZ). In summary, under multiple thermal cycles AZ61 produced serious liquation cracking. AZ61 has higher (6 wt%) AI content and produced much liquefied Mg17Al12 at grain boundaries under multiple thermal cycles. The liquefied Mg17Al12 were pulled apart and hot cracks formed at weld metal HAZ due to the augmented strain. Since AZ31 had half the AI content of AZ61, its hot-cracking susceptibility was lower than AZ61. In addition, AZ61 showed longer total crack length (TCL) in one thermal cycle compared to that in three thermal cycles. This phenomenon was possibly due to high-temperature gasification of AI during the welding process, which resulted in lower overall AI content. Consequently, shorter hot cracks exhibited in three thermal cycles. It was found the AI content of AZ31 and AZ61 can be used to assess the hot-cracking susceptibility.

頁(從 - 到)633-640
期刊Journal of Materials Science and Technology
出版狀態已發佈 - 2011

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 陶瓷和複合材料
  • 材料力學
  • 機械工業
  • 聚合物和塑料
  • 金屬和合金
  • 材料化學


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