Heat dissipation performance of MWCNTs nano-coolant for vehicle

Tun Ping Teng*, Chao Chieh Yu

*此作品的通信作者

研究成果: 雜誌貢獻期刊論文同行評審

67 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

This study demonstrates the heat dissipation performance of a motorcycle radiator filled with multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) nano-coolant (NC). The two-step synthesis method was used to produce different concentrations of MWCNTs/water (W) nanofluid (0.1, 0.2, and 0.4wt.%) using a 0.4wt.% cationic chitosan dispersant, and the MWCNTs/W nanofluid was mixed with ethylene glycol (EG) at a 1:1 volume ratio to form the NC1, NC2, and NC3. The experiments in this study measured the thermal conductivity, viscosity and specific heat of NC with weight fractions and sample temperatures (80, 85, 90, and 95°C), and then used the NC in an air-cooled radiator for a motorcycle to assess its heat exchange capacity, Nusselt number and pumping power under different volumetric flow rates (4.5, 6.5, and 8.5L/min) and sample temperatures (80, 85, 90, and 95°C). Considering the overall efficiency of the heat exchange system, this study evaluates the relationship of heat exchange capacity and the pumping power using the efficiency factor (EF). Experimental results show that the NC1 has a higher heat exchange capacity and EF than EG/W. The maximum enhanced ratios of heat exchange, pumping power, and EF for all the experimental parameters in this study were approximately 12.8%, 4.9%, and 14.1%, respectively, compared with EG/W. NC with high concentrations of MWCNTs cannot achieve a better heat exchange capacity because the uneven density of NC in the flow state increases the thermal resistance of the solid-liquid interface, effectively decreasing the contact area between the MWCNTs and the EG/W.

原文英語
頁(從 - 到)22-30
頁數9
期刊Experimental Thermal and Fluid Science
49
DOIs
出版狀態已發佈 - 2013 九月

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 化學工程 (全部)
  • 核能與工程
  • 航空工程
  • 機械工業
  • 流體流動和轉移過程

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