Finding diseases associated with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis: a total population-based case–control study

Ching Piao Tsai, Chenyu Hu, Charles Tzu Chi Lee*

*此作品的通信作者

研究成果: 雜誌貢獻期刊論文同行評審

7 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

Objective: To investigate diseases associated with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) by using a total population-based medical database. Methods: This study included 705 ALS patients aged older than 15 years diagnosed from January 1, 2007, to December 31, 2013, along with 14,100 controls matching in sex, age, residence, and insurance premium. Data from the National Health Insurance Research Database (NHIRD) and Serious Disabling Diseases (SDD) database in Taiwan were used to conduct a total population-based case–control study. Prior diseases were categorized as being diagnosed 1, 3, 5, 7, or 9 years before first ALS diagnosis. Chi-square or t test was used to examine differences in demographic characteristics between the new patients with ALS and controls. Previous diseases were screened using a conditional logistic regression model. Multivariate analysis was performed using stepwise selection to evaluate the association between these diseases and the risk of ALS. The path analysis was conducted to analyze the pathway between prior diseases and ALS. Results: In total, 28 diseases were associated with ALS, including 17 positive associations and 11 negative associations. The path analysis revealed that the 11 negatively associated diseases could be attributed to diabetes mellitus and its comorbidities. The 17 positively associated diseases could be categorized as metabolic syndrome, neuroinflammation, head trauma, sports injuries, infections, and their comorbidities. Conclusions: Our results support the hypothesis that diseases developing prior to ALS diagnoses are hypermetabolic disorders. Hypometabolic disorders may have a beneficial effect on ALS incidence. Defective energy metabolism may play a role in ALS pathogenesis.

原文英語
頁(從 - 到)82-89
頁數8
期刊Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis and Frontotemporal Degeneration
20
發行號1-2
DOIs
出版狀態已發佈 - 2019 一月 2

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 神經內科
  • 神經病學(臨床)

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