Chemically modified zeolite Y (NaY) particles and their resulting modified electrodes were prepared with acridinium (AcH+), iron(II) and 1,10-phenanthroline (phen) for energetic studies. According to diffuse reflectance absorption spectroscopy and cyclic voltammetry, AcH+ and Fe(phen)32+ were successfully entrapped in the zeolite particles. Transient emission spectra measurements showed that the lifetime of AcH+* in the zeolite particles (to 35 ns; λex 365 nm; λem 500 nm) was greatly reduced upon incorporating Fe(phen)32+ and Fe2+. The fast decay of AcH+*(NaY) suggested that a reductive quench was likely to take place in the zeolite particle. Probably due to a size-exclusion effect, the bulky electron donor, N,N-diethyl-2-methy 1-1,4-phenylene diamine (DEPD), revealed a difficulty in reaching the photosensitizer, AcH+, inside the zeolite particle. As a consequence, the insignificant photocurrent for the oxidation of DEPD was from the NaY|AcH+ electrode. However, if Fe2+ and Fe(phen)32+ were incorporated, the photocurrent would become more significant. Closer examinations, in addition, showed that the photooxidaton of DEPD occurred more rapidly on the NaY|AcH +|Fe(phen)32+ electrode, compared to the NaY|AcH+|Fe2+ electrode. This difference apparently results from a greater gap in energetics between DEPD and Fe(phen) 33+(NaY) than that between DEPD and Fe 3+(NaY). Due to this effect, a greater amount of indophenol blue, derived from the coupling reaction of the oxidized DEPD with 1-naphthol, was formed and deposited on the NaY|AcH+|Fe(phen) 32+ modified electrode. Thanks to this photo-induced charge-transfer reaction, the NaY|AcH+|Fe(phen)3 2+ particle showed an application potential in image recording.
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