Past studies have shown that kindergarten teachers find it challenging to integrate science into their instruction, but little is understood about factors that influence their science teaching in Indigenous areas. Our study aimed to investigate the associations between kindergarten teachers’ experiences, attitudes, self-efficacy, outcome expectations and science teaching. Partial least square structural equation modelling was employed to analyse 384 questionnaires from kindergarten teachers in Indigenous areas of Taiwan, teaching children aged 2–6 years. Results showed that self-efficacy had stronger predictive power over outcome expectations for the level of teachers’ science integration into teaching. Teachers’ mastery experience, perceived social support and attitude toward teaching diverse children significantly and positively predicted their science teaching self-efficacy and outcome expectations for Indigenous students. Moreover, teachers’ attitude toward diverse groups was significantly associated with their outcome expectations. This study sheds light on ways to enhance teachers’ early science teaching for culturally diverse students.
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