Exploring high school students' views regarding the nature of scientific theory: A study in Taiwan

Meichun Lydia Wen, Pi Chu Kuo, Chin Chung Tsai, Chun Yen Chang

研究成果: 雜誌貢獻文章同行評審

9 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

The purpose of this study was to explore high school students' views regarding the nature of scientific theory via a context of competing theories for the extinction of dinosaurs. It is believed that views regarding the nature of scientific theory are closely related to personal epistemologies toward science. A questionnaire with four open-ended questions was designed to investigate students' views about some aspects of the nature of scientific theory. The results of analyzing written responses from 621 Taiwanese high school students indicated that more than 60% of the students understood that scientific theories were subject to change when new observations or interpretations were found. In responding to the reason for having two theories explaining the extinction of dinosaurs, many students were able to recognize the insufficiency of evidence for both theories, indicating that the students understood that science was empirical-based. This study also found that almost all the students held the concept that "science is theoryladen." We believed that during the processes of responding to the questions designed for this study, students underwent reflective-thinking processes through the controversial context provided by the study, thus expressing the idea that "science is theory-laden." Gender and subject preference were also included in this study. The results suggest that both factors play significant roles in the particular theory the students supported.

原文英語
頁(從 - 到)161-177
頁數17
期刊Asia-Pacific Education Researcher
19
發行號1
DOIs
出版狀態已發佈 - 2010 一月 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education

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