Schizophrenia has a complex and non-Mendelian mode of inheritance. Recently, trinucleotide repeat (TNR)-containing genes have been considered as the candidate genes predisposing to schizophrenia. The purpose of this study was to determine whether a genetic association could be observed between schizophrenia and the TNR polymorphisms within the KLHL1AS/SCA8, PPP2R2B/SCA12, and TBP/SCA17 genes. We studied 100 unrelated schizophrenia patients and 124 controls without evident neurodegenerative or psychiatric disorders. The overall allele frequency distributions of the KLHL1AS/SCA8 and PPP2R2B/SCA12 genes were not significantly different between the schizophrenic patients and the control subjects (P > 0.05). The allele frequency distribution in the schizophrenic patients was significantly different from that in the controls at the TBP/SCA17 gene (P = 0.0149), with an increased frequency of 36 repeats in the patients and two patients carrying 45 TNR expansions were identified. TBP/SCA17 is the TATA box binding protein gene mapped to chromosome 6q27. The study suggests that TNR expansions of the TBP/SCA17 gene may contribute to the genetic risk of schizophrenia in rare cases.
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