Exercise mode and executive function in older adults: An ERP study of task-switching

Chih Ta Dai, Yu Kai Chang*, Chung Ju Huang, Tsung Min Hung

*此作品的通信作者

研究成果: 雜誌貢獻期刊論文同行評審

57 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between exercise mode and executive function and its effect on behavior and neuroelectric activity. Forty-eight older adults were classified into open-skill, closed-skill, and irregular exercise groups based on their experience of exercise participation. Executive function was measured via a task-switching paradigm, in which the behavioral indices and event-related potentials elicited by task-switching were assessed. The results revealed that the exercise groups, regardless of the exercise mode, exhibited faster reaction times in both global and local switches than the irregular exercise group, regardless of the within-task conditions. Similarly, larger P3 amplitudes were observed in both exercise groups compared to the irregular exercise group. Moreover, additional facilitation effects of open-skill exercises on global switch costs were observed, whereas no differences in local switch costs were found among the three groups. The results replicate previous studies that have reported generally improved executive function after participation in exercises; additionally, they extend the current knowledge by indicating that these cognitive improvements in specific aspects of executive function could also be obtained from open-skill exercises.

原文英語
頁(從 - 到)153-162
頁數10
期刊Brain and Cognition
83
發行號2
DOIs
出版狀態已發佈 - 2013 11月

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 神經心理學與生理心理學
  • 實驗與認知心理學
  • 發展與教育心理學
  • 藝術與人文(雜項)
  • 認知神經科學

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