Examining the effects of exercise with different cognitive loads on executive function: A systematic review

Chiung Ling Chu, Ting Yu Chueh, Tsung Min Hung*


研究成果: 書貢獻/報告類型篇章

1 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)


Executive functions (EFs) play a pivotal role in daily functioning, academic and vocational achievement, well-being, and the regulation of cognitive processes that impact the quality of life. Physical exercise has been shown to have positive effects on EFs. However, there remains some controversy regarding whether exercise with greater cognitive loads may be more effective for improving EFs. Through this systematic review, we aimed to synthesize available cross-sectional and longitudinal intervention studies concerning the effects of exercise with varying cognitive loads on EFs. The literature search was conducted across three electronic databases, retrieving cross-sectional and longitudinal intervention (randomized controlled trials) studies, using a standardized EF measurement from inception until June 2023. Our search yielded a total of 1570 potentially relevant articles, of which 53 were considered for full-text reading, and 28 were included in the review after full-text reading. The present study utilized Gentile's (2000) taxonomy classification to determine the cognitive load levels in exercises. Overall, findings from the 28 included studies suggested that exercise training interventions are a promising way to promote overall EF. Noteworthy, there is preliminary empirical evidence to suggest that exercises with higher cognitive loads resulted in greater benefits for EF than those with lower cognitive loads.

主出版物標題Enhancement of Brain Functions Prompted by Physical Activity Vol 1
編輯Chi-Hung Juan, Chun-Hao Wang, Shih-Chun Kao
發行者Elsevier B.V.
出版狀態已發佈 - 2024 1月


名字Progress in Brain Research

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 一般神經科學


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