Ethyl cyanide on titan: Spectroscopic detection and mapping using alma

M. A. Cordiner*, M. Y. Palmer, C. A. Nixon, P. G.J. Irwin, N. A. Teanby, S. B. Charnley, M. J. Mumma, Z. Kisiel, J. Serigano, Y. J. Kuan, Y. L. Chuang, K. S. Wang


研究成果: 雜誌貢獻期刊論文同行評審

51 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)


We report the first spectroscopic detection of ethyl cyanide (C2H5CN) in Titan's atmosphere, obtained using spectrally and spatially resolved observations of multiple emission lines with the Atacama Large Millimeter/ submillimeter Array (ALMA). The presence of C2H5CN in Titan's ionosphere was previously inferred from Cassini ion mass spectrometry measurements of C2H5CNH+. Here we report the detection of 27 rotational lines from C2H5CN (in 19 separate emission features detected at >3s confidence) in the frequency range 222-241 GHz. Simultaneous detections of multiple emission lines from HC3N, CH3CN, and CH3CCH were also obtained. In contrast to HC3N, CH3CN, and CH3CCH, which peak in Titan's northern (spring) hemisphere, the emission from C2H5CN is found to be concentrated in the southern (autumn) hemisphere, suggesting a distinctly different chemistry for this species, consistent with a relatively short chemical lifetime for C2H5CN. Radiative transfer models show that C2H5CN is most concentrated at altitudes ≳200 km, suggesting production predominantly in the stratosphere and above.

期刊Astrophysical Journal Letters
出版狀態已發佈 - 2015 2月 10

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 天文和天體物理學
  • 空間與行星科學


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