TY - JOUR

T1 - Estimates of the mean field equations with integer singular sources

T2 - Non-simple blowup

AU - Kuo, Ting Jung

AU - Lin, Chang Shou

N1 - Publisher Copyright:
© 2016, International Press of Boston, Inc. All rights reserved.

PY - 2016/7

Y1 - 2016/7

N2 - Let M be a compact Riemann surface, αj > -1, and h (x) a positive C2 function of M. In this paper, we consider the following mean field equation: Δu (x) + ρ (h (x) eu(x)/∫M h (x) eu(x) - 1/|M|) = 4π ∑j=1dαj (δqj - 1/|M|) in M. We prove that for αj ∈ ℕ and any ρ > ρ0, the equation has one solution at least if the Euler characteristic χ (M) ≤ 0, where ρ0 = maxM(2K - Δln h + N∗), K is the Gaussian curvature, and N∗ = 4π ∑j=1d αj. This result was proved in [10] when αj = 0. Our proof relies on the bubbling analysis if one of the blowup points is at the vortex qj. In the case where αj ∉ ℕ, the sharp estimate of solutions near qj has been obtained in [11]. However, if αj ∈ ℕ, then the phenomena of non-simple blowup might occur. One of our contributions in part 1 is to obtain the sharp estimate for the non-simple blowup phenomena.

AB - Let M be a compact Riemann surface, αj > -1, and h (x) a positive C2 function of M. In this paper, we consider the following mean field equation: Δu (x) + ρ (h (x) eu(x)/∫M h (x) eu(x) - 1/|M|) = 4π ∑j=1dαj (δqj - 1/|M|) in M. We prove that for αj ∈ ℕ and any ρ > ρ0, the equation has one solution at least if the Euler characteristic χ (M) ≤ 0, where ρ0 = maxM(2K - Δln h + N∗), K is the Gaussian curvature, and N∗ = 4π ∑j=1d αj. This result was proved in [10] when αj = 0. Our proof relies on the bubbling analysis if one of the blowup points is at the vortex qj. In the case where αj ∉ ℕ, the sharp estimate of solutions near qj has been obtained in [11]. However, if αj ∈ ℕ, then the phenomena of non-simple blowup might occur. One of our contributions in part 1 is to obtain the sharp estimate for the non-simple blowup phenomena.

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U2 - 10.4310/jdg/1468517500

DO - 10.4310/jdg/1468517500

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:84979752680

SN - 0022-040X

VL - 103

SP - 377

EP - 424

JO - Journal of Differential Geometry

JF - Journal of Differential Geometry

IS - 3

ER -