Enhancing UV-emissions through optical and electronic dual-function tuning of Ag nanoparticles hybridized with n-ZnO nanorods/p-GaN heterojunction light-emitting diodes

Yung Chi Yao, Zu Po Yang*, Jung Min Hwang, Yi Lun Chuang, Chia Ching Lin, Jing Yu Haung, Chun Yang Chou, Jinn Kong Sheu, Meng Tsan Tsai, Ya Ju Lee

*此作品的通信作者

研究成果: 雜誌貢獻期刊論文同行評審

29 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

ZnO nanorods (NRs) and Ag nanoparticles (NPs) are known to enhance the luminescence of light-emitting diodes (LEDs) through the high directionality of waveguide mode transmission and efficient energy transfer of localized surface plasmon (LSP) resonances, respectively. In this work, we have demonstrated Ag NP-incorporated n-ZnO NRs/p-GaN heterojunctions by facilely hydrothermally growing ZnO NRs on Ag NP-covered GaN, in which the Ag NPs were introduced and randomly distributed on the p-GaN surface to excite the LSP resonances. Compared with the reference LED, the light-output power of the near-band-edge (NBE) emission (ZnO, λ = 380 nm) of our hybridized structure is increased almost 1.5-2 times and can be further modified in a controlled manner by varying the surface morphology of the surrounding medium of the Ag NPs. The improved light-output power is mainly attributed to the LSP resonance between the NBE emission of ZnO NRs and LSPs in Ag NPs. We also observed different behaviors in the electroluminescence (EL) spectra as the injection current increases for the treatment and reference LEDs. This observation might be attributed to the modification of the energy band diagram for introducing Ag NPs at the interface between n-ZnO NRs and p-GaN. Our results pave the way for developing advanced nanostructured LED devices with high luminescence efficiency in the UV emission regime.

原文英語
頁(從 - 到)4463-4474
頁數12
期刊Nanoscale
8
發行號8
DOIs
出版狀態已發佈 - 2016 2月 28

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 材料科學(全部)

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