In this paper, an enhanced fuzzy sliding mode control system (EFSMC) is proposed for a linear induction motor (LIM) to achieve the position tracking. First, the dynamic model of LIM is investigated for considering the end effect and the friction force into the observer-based compensation design to cope with the time-varying uncertainties. Then, a sliding mode control (SMC) based on the backstepping control technique is presented with the combination of two fuzzy logic controllers. The first fuzzy logic controller is proposed, through a dynamic tune of the sliding surface slope constant of the SMC according to the controlled system states by a fuzzy logic unit. To relax the need of the upper bound of the lumped uncertainties in the SMC, the second fuzzy logic controller is presented, in which the upper bound of the lumped uncertainties can be estimated by a fuzzy inference mechanism. Finally, the experiments for several scenarios are conducted to demonstrate the effectiveness and robustness of the designed controller.